P-0138 - Postoperative complications of transthoracic esopagectomy

Date 28 June 2014
Event World GI 2014
Session Poster Session
Topics Oesophageal Cancer
Complications of Treatment
Surgery and/or Radiotherapy of Cancer
Presenter Shaikh Abdul Razaque
Citation Annals of Oncology (2014) 25 (suppl_2): ii14-ii104. 10.1093/annonc/mdu165
Authors S. Abdul Razaque1, K. Das2
  • 1Liaquat University of Medical Health & Sciences Jamshoro, Sindh/PK
  • 2Liaquat University of Medical Health & Sciences, Jamshoro/PK

Abstract

Introduction

To determine the postoperative complications in patients with esophageal carcinoma who underwent transthoracic esophagectomy at Liaquat University Hospital Hyderabad / Jamshoro and a private hospital Hydearabad Pakistan.

Methods

This two year descriptive study was conducted in the department of Surgery Liaquat University Hospital Hyderabad / Jamshoro and a private hospital in Hydearabad, Pakistan from January 2012 to December 2013. Patients of esophageal carcinoma, 40 to 70 years of age, either gender, were in stage l, ll and lll recruited and enrolled in the study. Patients were admitted for 21 days after surgery. The data was entered and analyzed in SPSS 11.00. The frequency and percentage was calculated while mean ± standard deviation was calculated for numerical variables.

Results

During study period total fifty patients with esophageal carcinoma were recruited and studied, of which 30(60%0 were males and 20(40%) were females. The majority of the patients 23(46%) were in 50-59 years of age. The mean age ±SD of the male and female subjects was 57.86 ± 6.43 and 53.62 ± 8.73 respectively. Regarding the site of carcinoma, 40(80%) had middle 1/2 and 18(36%) had lower 1/3 which regarding type of carcinoma, 40(80%) had squamous cell carcinoma and 10(20%) had adenocarcinoma. The postoperative complications observed were, cardiac 03(15%), pulmonary 04(20%), anastomotic leakage 02(10%) vocal cord paralysis 02(10%), chylous leakage 02(10%), wound infection 01(05%), in-hospital mortality 01(05%) and mixed combination in 05(25%).

Conclusion

The common postoperative complications identified were cardiac, pulmonary, anastomotic leakage and mixed complications.