P-052 - Outcomes of minimally invasive esophagectomy versus open esophagectomy for esophageal cancer: a single-center case-control study

Date 04 July 2015
Event WorldGI 2015
Session Posters
Topics Oesophageal Cancer
Surgery and/or Radiotherapy of Cancer
Presenter M. Aral
Citation Annals of Oncology (2015) 26 (suppl_4): 1-100. 10.1093/annonc/mdv233
Authors M. Aral1, M. Mesquita2, J. Barbosa1, H. Santos-Sousa1, J. Costa-Maia1
  • 1University of Porto Medical School, Porto/PT
  • 2Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade do Porto, Porto/PT

Abstract

Introduction

Esophagectomy is a major surgery associated with significant morbidity and mortality. There is growing evidence in literature that the minimally invasive approach in esophagectomy (MIE) may decrease morbidity. The aim of this study was the comparative analysis of the outcomes between MIE and open esophagectomy (OE) for esophageal cancer.

Methods

Analysis (case-control study) of a prospective database with esophageal cancer cases submitted to curative intent surgery, between May 2006 and October 2014, in an Upper GI Surgery Unit. For this analysis, cases of non-resectional surgery were excluded.

Results

From the initial population (n = 79), 65 cases (Group A: 24 MIE - 13 totally MIE and 11 hybrid MIE; Group B: 41 OE, including 5 cases of conversion from MIE) were included. Both groups were matched for gender, age, comorbidities, BMI, tumor location and histology, staging (cT and cN), neoadjuvant therapy and type of surgery. The presence of postoperative morbidity was 37,5% in MIE vs 61% in OE (p = 0,058), with a rate of respiratory complications of 16,7% and 22%, respectively (p = ns). Statistically significant differences were seen in Clavien classification of postoperative morbidity (p = 0,018) and in postoperative mortality (MIE 0% vs OE 22%, p = 0,021).

Conclusion

The results of this case-control study provide further evidence for the feasibility and possible improvements in the postoperative morbidity and mortality of MIE, when performed in differentiated centers.