1485PD - Clinical significance of surgery for gastric submucosal tumors with size enlargement during watchful waiting period

Date 01 October 2012
Event ESMO Congress 2012
Session Sarcoma
Topics GIST
Surgery and/or Radiotherapy of Cancer
Presenter Yasuhiro Miyazaki
Authors Y. Miyazaki1, K. Nakajima2, Y. Kurokawa2, T. Takahashi2, S. Takaguchi2, H. Miyata3, M. Yamasaki2, T. Nishida4, M. Mori2, Y. Doki2
  • 1Gastroenterological Surgery, Osaka university graduate school of medicine, 565-0871 - Suita/JP
  • 2Gastroenterological Surgery, Osaka university, 565-0871 - Suita/JP
  • 3Gastroenterological Surgery, Osaka university, 565-0871 - Suita, Osaka/JP
  • 4Department Of Surgery, Osaka Police Hospital, JP-543-0035 - Osaka/JP

Abstract

Aims

Recent Japanese clinical practice guidelines for gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) indicates that surgical resection is optionally considered for small (<2cm), asymptomatic and biopsy-negative gastric submucosal tumors (SMTs), when they show size enlargement during “watchful waiting” period. The true impact of surgery for those lesions, however, has not been fully understood. The aim of this study was to determine its clinical significance.

Methods

From January 2005 to April 2012, 99 patients with gastric SMTs underwent surgery. Twenty-one of them, which had tumor growth during observation period, were enrolled in the retrospective analysis. Data included patient background data, clinicopathological features, surgical outcomes and prognosis. Data were presented as median (range).

Results

All patients (12 males, 9 females), with age of 64 (48-74), had their lesions detected by routine health check-up. No clinical symptom was presented. Tumor was located in upper (n = 9), middle (8), and lower (4) body of the stomach, respectively. The tumor was 2.0 (0.8-4.0) cm in size at their initial detection, and enlarged up to 3.2 (2.0-7.0) cm at the end of “watchful waiting” period of 63 (8-181) months. As surgical procedure, laparoscopic partial gastrectomy was performed in 18, open partial gastrectomy in 2, and open proximal gastrectomy for 1 patient, respectively. The operating time was 115 (49-247) min, with blood loss of 20 (0-230) ml. No major complications were noted in the series. Postoperative histologic examination revealed GIST (19) and schwanomma (2). Although 14 out of 19 GISTs were categorized into “none” (1), “very low” (12), and “low” (1) risk according to Miettinen's classification, 5 cases of “moderate” risk were identified in the series. No recurrences/metastases were noted in 21.7 (0.9-75.1) months of postoperative follow-up.

Conclusion

Our study revealed the existence of moderate risk GISTs in asymptomatic, small gastric SMTs with size enlargement during preoperative observation. Laparoscopic surgery was safely applied to majority of those cases (85.7%). Prompt surgical intervention should therefore be considered, when gastric SMTs under watchful waiting show size enlargement.

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.