301P - Predictors of hypertension in IBCSG 18-98 / BIG 1-98: Adjuvant therapy for postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive, early breast cancer

Date 29 September 2014
Event ESMO 2014
Session Poster Display session
Topics Breast Cancer, Early Stage
Complications of Treatment
Translational Research
Presenter Manuela Rabaglio-Poretti
Citation Annals of Oncology (2014) 25 (suppl_4): iv85-iv109. 10.1093/annonc/mdu327
Authors M. Rabaglio-Poretti1, A. Giobbie-Hurder2, B. Thürlimann3, M. Regan4, B. Ejlertsen5, M. Debled6, M. Colleoni7, A. Goldhirsch8, A. Coates9, R.D. Gelber10
  • 1And University Hospital Inselspital, International Breast Cancer Study Group Coordinating Center, 3008 - Bern/CH
  • 2Biostatistics And Computational Biology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston/US
  • 3Breast Center St. Gallen, Kantonsspital St. Gallen, 9000 - St. Gallen/CH
  • 4Biostatistics And Computational Biology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston/US
  • 5Oncology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen/DK
  • 6Institute Bergonié, Institute Bergonié, Bordeaux/FR
  • 7Oncology, European Institute of Oncology (EIO), IT-20141 - Milano/IT
  • 8Department Of Medicine, European Institute of Oncology, 20141 - Milan/IT
  • 9Oncology, International Breast Cancer Study Group, Sydney/AU
  • 10Biostatistics And Computational Biology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, US-02215 - Boston/US

Abstract

Aim

The aromatase inhibitor (AI) Letrozole (L), compared with Tamoxifen (T), improved disease-free survival (DFS) among postmenopausal women with receptor-positive, early breast cancer. The safety profile of the treatments differs markedly, especially in the incidence of musculoskeletal, gynecological and vaso-active symptoms, and type of cardiovascular events (CVD). AIs may increase the risk of specific CVD, perhaps by abnormally high concentrations of aldosterone due to estrogen deficiency. Hypertension (H) in combination with other risk factors (smoking, obesity, diabetes, and hypercholesterolemia) may be the cause of increased CVD in the L arms of BIG1-98.

Methods

BIG 1-98 adverse event data for new or worsening hypertension (NWH) during protocol treatment were analysed retrospectively for 7963 women who received at least one dose of study therapy. H and CVD information were extracted from the CRF based on check boxes and write-ins. NWH was defined as an increase of at least one point in grade of H from baseline (according to CTC 2.0) The proportions of patients with NWH were compared by treatment using chi-squared tests. The relationship between time to develop NWH and treatment (T, L, T-L, L-T); baseline comorbidities; concomitant cardiovascular risk factors, such as hypercholesterolemia, smoking, and pre-existing H; and pre-existing CVD were explored using multivariable Cox PH regression.

Results

All patients had completed or stopped protocol therapy at the time of the analysis. Pre-existing H was reported in 32% of patients. In 440 patients reporting NWH, there were 346 new cases and 94 cases worsening from baseline. Rates of grade 3 or 4 NWH were comparable across all treatments; however, rates of grade 1 or 2 were highest in women receiving L or T alone. Adjusting for pre-existing H, Cox PH models show NWH is related to age and BMI, but not AI treatment.

Conclusions

New or worsening hypertension in postmenopausal women with early breast cancer does not appear to be related to AI treatment, but to age, BMI, and pre-existing hypertension.

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.