1265P - Is there a benefit on survival of tyrosine-kinase inhibitors versus chemotherapy in first line in mutated EGFR patients with advanced non-small cell...

Date 29 September 2012
Event ESMO Congress 2012
Session Poster presentation I
Topics Anti-Cancer Agents & Biologic Therapy
Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer, Metastatic
Presenter Gaetan Des Guetz
Authors G. Des Guetz1, B. Uzzan2, K. Chouahnia3, P. Nicolas2, L. Zelek4, M. Pailler1, J. Morère5
  • 1Oncology, hopital Avicenne, 93009 - Bobigny/FR
  • 2Pharmacology, Hôpital Avicenne, 93009 - Bobigny/FR
  • 3Oncology, Hôpital Avicenne, Bobigny/FR
  • 4Oncology, Hopital Avicenne, FR-93009 - Bobigny CEDEX/FR
  • 5Oncology, Hôpital Avicenne, 93009 - Bobigny/FR

Abstract

Background

Tyrosine-Kinase Inhibitors (TKIs) markedly improve Progression Free Survival (PFS) of advanced NSCLC patients mutated for Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR). Results on Overall Survival (OS) are more questionable. Therefore, we performed a publication-based meta-analysis to further assess this issue.

Methods

We did a PubMed query using keywords simultaneously (lung neoplasm, TKI, EGFR mutation, survival). We also searched for relevant abstracts in proceedings of ASCO, ESMO, WCLC annual meetings. We cross-checked all references from all articles. Only phase III randomized controlled trials comparing TKI and chemotherapy were included. We used EasyMA software.

Results

The 6 eligible studies included 2223 patients (516 males, 1688 females, mostly Asian, median age 60 years, 2155 adenocarcinomas (97 %), 996 mutated tumors, 389 stage IIIB, 1572 Stage IV (71 %), 1989 never smokers (89.5 %). Four studies assessed gefitinib, 2 erlotinib. Chemotherapies were doublets including a platinum salt. Four studies included only mutated patients. Compared to chemotherapy, EGFR TKIs significantly improved PFS (HR = 0.39, 95 % CI 0.28-0.53, random effect model). Conversely, OS was similar among patients who first received TKI or chemotherapy (HR = 1.00, CI 0.83-1.22, fixed effect model). PFS was significantly worse among non mutated patients in the 2 studies including both mutated and wild-type EGFR patients, whereas OS was unchanged. Concerning side-effects, rash, diarrhoea and interstitial lung disease were significantly more frequent after TKI (RRs 5.00; 2.40 and 6.07). As expected, fatigue (RR 0.41), nausea/vomiting (0.19) and haematological disorders were all significantly more frequent after chemotherapy (RRs for neutropenia, thrombocytopenia and anaemia 0.08; 0.18 and 0.26).

Conclusions

The major discrepancy between a markedly improved PFS and a similar OS after TKI compared with chemotherapy could be related to the high level of crossing-over between the 2 groups. We found no detrimental effect on OS of TKIs among wild-type patients.

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.