1209P - DNA methylation of tumor suppressor gene is a predictor of pathologic complete response in stage IIIA (N2) NSCLC patients treated with neoadjuvant...

Date 27 September 2014
Event ESMO 2014
Session Poster Display session
Topics Anti-Cancer Agents & Biologic Therapy
Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer, Locally Advanced
Translational Research
Surgery and/or Radiotherapy of Cancer
Presenter Jae Hyun Kim
Citation Annals of Oncology (2014) 25 (suppl_4): iv417-iv425. 10.1093/annonc/mdu348
Authors J.H. Kim
  • Thoracic Surgery, Dongnam institute of radiological & medical sciences, 619-953 - BUSAN/KR

Abstract

Aim

The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical implications of DNA methylation of tumor suppressor gene in pathologic complete responders in stage IIIA(N2) NSCLC patients treated with neoadjuvant CCRT followed by surgery.

Methods

Methylation-specific multiplex ligation probe amplification (MS-MLPA) was used to analyze the DNA methylation status of 36 tumor suppressor genes in 15 stage IIIA (N2) NSCLC patients who were treated with neoadjuvant CCRT followed by surgery between October 2011 and January 2014. FFPE (formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded) tissue samples obtained from 15 paired pre-CCRT lung biopsy and post-CCRT surgically resected tumor specimens were used. Factors predictive of pathologic CR were evaluated using logistic regression. Pre-treatment methylated DNA number less than 2, the ratio of unmethylated DNA after neoadjuvant CCRT and difference between pre-, posttreatment SUV max of primary tumor and mediastinal lymph node were analysed.

Results

The median follow-up time was 17.4 months. One patient had recurrence at mediastinal lymph node. Factor predictive of pathologic complete response after neoadjuvant CCRT followed by surgery was pre-treatment methylated DNA number less than 2 (p = 0.03) in stage IIIA (N2) NSCLC patients. The change of the ratio of unmethylated DNA after neoadjuvant CCRT (p > 0.6) of the paired samples and difference between pre-, posttreatment SUV max of primary tumor and mediastinal lymph node were not a predictive factor of pathologic CR (p > 0.15).

Conclusions

These results suggest that pre-treatment methylated DNA number less than 2 is a predictor of pathologic complete response in stage IIIA (N2) NSCLC patients treated with neoadjuvant CCRT followed by surgery. And we think that an analysis of the correlation between DNA methylation status and the long-term survival and recurrence rate is needed in these patients.

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.