145IN - New insights for sequencing data in lung cancer

Date 28 September 2014
Event ESMO 2014
Session ESMO-JSMO: How to integrate genome sequencing data in oncology
Topics Lung and other Thoracic Tumours
Personalised Medicine
Translational Research
Presenter Kazuto Nishio
Citation Annals of Oncology (2014) 25 (suppl_4): iv50-iv50. 10.1093/annonc/mdu323
Authors K. Nishio
  • Department Of Genome Biology, Kindai University School of Medicine, Osaka - -/JP

Abstract

Body

Abstract:

Cases of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCC) carrying EGFR mutations have been shown to be hyperresponive to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibtors. Chromosomal translocations and corresponding gene fsions play an important role in initiating tumrigeness. Asociation of ALK, ROS1 and RET fusion tanscripts and its potential as lung tumor pedictive biomakes for respective kinase ihibitors has increased the need of a technlogy that could detect these bimarkers starting from imited amoung of FFPE material for recision medicine with molecular targeted agents. We have set up the MssArray Lung Cancer Panel and Lung Fusion Panel (Sequenom) to analyze the FFPE biopsy samples of lung cancer and examined its feasibiliy. Deep sequencing technologis as well as liquid biopsy are powerful tools for this strategy. The OncoNetwork Consortium and Life Technologies collaborated for the development of lung fusion panel based on Ion AmpliSeqTM RNA chemistry to: 1) Detect all variants of ALK, ROS1, or RET fusion transcripts described in COSMIC in a single reaction using 10 ng of total RNA; 2) Include 5′ and 3′ ALK, ROS1, RET gene expression assays as an indicator of translocation at this gene; 3) Include endogenous RNA assay controls to determine if the quality of the results could be affected by RNA quality;4) Provide similar results on archived FFPE smples tested by FISH. Monitoring of the acquired resistance to EGFR-TKI and ALK inhibitors is another important issue for the development of the next generation therapeutics. Rebiopsy is essential to detect secondary mutations of EGFR (T790M) that causes the resistance to EGFR-TKI. However tissue availability limits the genotyping of EGFR in a clinical setting. We have developed the several sensitive assays (Scorpion-Arms, Cobas(R) EGFR mutation test, SABER and droplet-digital PCR (ddPCR) system e.g.) to detect EGFR mutations and fusion genes from tumor-derived DNA in tissue and blood of lung cancer patients. We have monitored the EGFR mutation status during anti-EGFR treatment. We have now conclded that ddPCR system, e.g., is a suitable technology for liquid biopsies. In collaboration with the West Japan Oncology Group (WJOG), we have established a prescreening system to detect marker-positive population using these deep sequencing technologies and ddPCR for the clinical studies.

Disclosure:

The author has declared no conflicts of interest.