190P - Increase of plasma adiponectin levels and decrease of pro-inflammatory cytokines in non-small cell lung cancer patients treated with EGFR-TKIs

Date 30 September 2012
Event ESMO Congress 2012
Session Poster presentation II
Topics Lung and other Thoracic Tumours
Translational Research
Presenter Kanako Umekawa
Authors K. Umekawa1, T. Kimura2, T. Suzumura3, S. Kudoh4, T. Nakai4, M. Nagata1, K. Matsuura4, S. Mitsuoka4, N. Yoshimura2, K. Hirata4
  • 1Respiratory Medicine Dept., Osaka City University, 5458585 - Osaka/JP
  • 2Department Of Respiratory Medicine, Osaka City University, 5458585 - Osaka/JP
  • 3Cancer Center, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka City University, 5458585 - Osaka/JP
  • 4Respiratory Medicine, Osaka City University, 5458585 - Osaka/JP

Abstract

Background

Malnutrition in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is associated with advanced stage of disease and is needed for careful choice of treatment. The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are routinely used for the treatment of advanced NSCLC with EGFR active mutations, which are promising the excellent responses. Recently, pro-inflammatory cytokines have been proposed as mediators of cancer cachexia. Adipose tissue produces and release substances called adipokines which include tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), leptin, adiponectin, and resistin. Adiponectin suppresses the secretion of inflammatory cytokines such as IL-8, TNF-α, and induces the secretion of anti-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-10. It has been hypothesized that EFGR-TKI therapy may affect this adipokine network.

Methods

The prospective study which evaluated correlations between the pre and post-treatment point of days 30 plasma adipokines and cytokines after EGFR-TKIs administration and clinical outcomes in advanced NSCLC was conducted at Osaka City University Hospital. Plasma adipokines and cytokines were analyzed by Luminex 200 PONENT system (Milliplex MAP kits; Millipore).

Results

A total of 33 patients were enrolled. We obtained plasma samples for analyses 33 patients on pre-treatment point, and 23 patients on days 30 point. Plasma adiponectin level on the pre-treatment point (40.34 ± 32.00ng/ml) was significantly lower than those on days 30 point (45.07 ± 26.38ng/ml, p = 0.01). On the pre-treatment point of plasma IL-8 (16.70 ± 16.01pg/ml), IL-10 (13.06 ± 29.69pg/ml), insulin (656.9 ± 514.6pg/ml) levels were significantly higher than those on days 30 point (7.154 ± 5.674 pg/ml p = 0.02; 11.53 ± 30.92pg/ml, p = 0.04; and 551.4 ± 520.2pg/ml, p = 0.02, respectively). The levels of leptin and resistin had no significant changes between pre and on days 30 points.

Conclusions

The EGFR-TKIs treatment for NSCLC increased the plasma adiponectin levels and decreased the plasma insulin, IL-8 and IL-10 levels. Increase of adiponectin levels by EGFR-TKIs may resolve the inflammation and increase insulin sensitivity with reduced output of insulin.

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.