200P - A blood based EGFR mutation analysis in circulating plasma DNA for prediction of primary tumour mutations in lung cancer

Date 28 September 2014
Event ESMO 2014
Session Poster Display session
Topics Lung and other Thoracic Tumours
Pathology/Molecular Biology
Translational Research
Presenter Maxim Freydin
Citation Annals of Oncology (2014) 25 (suppl_4): iv58-iv84. 10.1093/annonc/mdu326
Authors M. Freydin1, D.V. Freydina1, D. Chudasama2, M. Leung3, S. Popat4, D. Gonzalez-De-Castro5, A. Rice6, A. Montero Fernandez6, A.G. Nicholson6, E. Lim1
  • 1Thoracic Surgery, Royal Brompton Hospital, SW3 6NP - London/GB
  • 2Thoracic Surgery, Harefield Hospital, Harefield/GB
  • 3Thoracic Surgery, Royal Brompton Hospital, London/GB
  • 4Department Of Medicine, Royal Marsden HospitalNHS Foundation Trust, GB-SW3 6JJ - London/GB
  • 5Department Of Molecular Diagnostics, Institute for Cancer Research, Sutton/GB
  • 6Pathology, Royal Brompton Hospital, SW3 6NP - London/GB

Abstract

Aim

Biopsy of the primary tumour for predictive testing is not always convenient nor possible and may incur both delays and complications. In a move towards blood based predictive testing for personalised medicine, we sought to determine the test performance of circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA) as a surrogate of underlying drug treatable EGFR primary tumour mutations.

Methods

EGFR mutation status (exons 19 and 21) in primary tumours was analysed using cobas®4800 (Roche) allele-specific PCR. ctDNA was extracted from matched plasma specimens using QIAamp DNA Blood Mini kit (QIAGEN). EGFR mutation detection in ctDNA was undertaken using custom-designed high-resolution melting (HRM) assay.

Results

From January 2012 to 2013 the peripheral blood of 98 patients who underwent surgery for lung cancer at The Royal Brompton Hospital were analysed for mutations in exons 19 and 21 of the EGFR gene. Five exon 19 deletions (5.1%) and 3 L858R mutations (3.1%) were identified in primary tumour tissues. In ctDNA, there were 16 exon 19 deletions (16.3%) and 2 L858R mutations (2.0%). After re-testing FFPE tissues using custom HRM assay, 8 previously undetected exon 19 deletions were identified. The final concordance between primary tumours and ctDNA was 92.8% for EGFR exon 19 deletions and 99.0% for L858R mutations. The sensitivity and specificity for blood based predictive EGFR testing was 84.6% (95% CI 59%-98%) and 97% (87%-100%) for exon 19 deletions and 67.7% (14%-99%) and 100% (97%-100%) for L858R mutation.

Conclusions

Blood based mutation testing is feasible. FFPE tumour biopsies cannot always be considered to be the “reference” as many EGFR mutations not initially detected in the tumour were detected in blood based ctDNA potentially increasing the treatable patient cohort by more than two-fold. This work was supported by the Peter and Mary Fu Foundation.

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.