P-229 - Body fat mass and the risk of colorectal polyps in men and women

Date 04 July 2015
Event WorldGI 2015
Session Posters
Topics Cancer Aetiology, Epidemiology, Prevention
Colon Cancer
Rectal Cancer
Presenter M. Jarosz
Citation Annals of Oncology (2015) 26 (suppl_4): 1-100. 10.1093/annonc/mdv233
Authors M. Jarosz, I. Sajór
  • National Food and Nutrition Institute, Warsaw/PL

Abstract

Introduction

Obesity is an important risk factor for colorectal polyps, the lesions that may potentially undergo malignant transformation. The aim of this study was to analyse an association between the incidence of colorectal polyps in men and women and their selected parameters of body composition determined by means of bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA).

Methods

The study included 256 individuals (146 women and 110 men) aged between 27 and 87 years. Based on the results of colonoscopy and histopathological examination of colorectal biopsy specimens, this sample was divided into the group of 139 subjects with colorectal polyps (67 women and 72 men) and control group of 117 polyp-free individuals (79 women and 38 men). Anthropometric measurements were taken in all the participants and their body composition was determined with an aid of a Tanita analyser. The results were subjected to statistical analysis, separately for men and women.

Results

Compared to female polyp-free controls, women with colorectal polyps presented with significantly higher mean percentage of body fat (37.7% ± 6.9 vs. 35.1% ± 8.5, p = 0.046). While the mean percentage of body fat in men with polyps was also higher than in the controls (27.5% ± 11.0 vs. 24.6% ± 8.1), this difference did not reach the threshold of statistical significance (p = 0.152). No significant associations were found between the incidence of polyps and the remaining analysed parameters (body weight, body mass index, basal metabolic rate, fat-free body mass and total body water), both in men and in women.

Conclusion

The fact that individuals with polyps present with higher body fat mass may imply the role of obesity in the pathogenesis of these colorectal lesions.