P-319 - Angiogenesis evaluation in locally advanced colo-rectal and gastric cancers by probe-based Confocal Laser Endomicroscopy (pCLE)

Date 04 July 2015
Event WorldGI 2015
Session Posters
Topics Gastric Cancer
Colon Cancer
Rectal Cancer
Imaging, Diagnosis and Staging
Translational Research
Presenter R. Cannizzaro
Citation Annals of Oncology (2015) 26 (suppl_4): 1-100. 10.1093/annonc/mdv233
Authors R. Cannizzaro1, A. Buonadonna2, A. De Paoli1, V. De Re1, P. Spessotto1, M. Mongiat1, S. Maiero1, E. Orzes1, M. Fornasarig1, G. Bertola1, V. Canzonieri1
  • 1Centro di Riferimento Oncologico, Aviano/IT
  • 2Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Aviano/IT

Abstract

Introduction

Probe-based Confocal Laser Endomicroscopy (pCLE) is an innovative endoscopic technique that allows taking high resolution images of the mucosa, facilitating the identification of cellular and subcellular microstructures permitting an evaluation of the microvasculature during endoscopic examination. Angiogenesis is a hallmark of cancer development inducing the formation of new vasculature to support its growth. The aim of our study was to evaluate tumor neoangiogenesis through pCLE imaging in locally advanced gastric and rectal cancer patients, before and after neoadjuvant radio-chemotherapy (RT/CT).

Methods

72 consecutive patients affected by Rectal Cancer (RC, 18F, 54M mean age: 65 years) and 26 consecutive patients with Gastric Cancer (GC, 6F, 20 M mean age: 64 years) underwent endoscopy with pCLE-GastroFlex UHD probe (Mauna Kea Technologies) and i.v. fluorescein infusion in order to evaluate intratumoral vascularization and to evaluate the efficiency of blood flow. After RT/CT treatment, 33 RC (27M, 6F) and 7 GC (2F, 5M) patients were revaluated using pCLE; neoangiogenesis was evaluated according to Cannizzaro-Spessotto (CS) scale, assigning one point to each of the following features: tortuous vessels, large vessels, leakage and defective flux.

Results

20 out of 33 (60.6%) RC and 2 out of 7 (28.6%) GC patients showed an improvement of angiogenesis index, while in the remaining 13 RC (39.4%) and 5 GC (71.4%) there were no changes of the vascular architecture following the treatment. There was a significant difference (p < 0.05) in neoangiogenesis CS scores between RC pre- (median CS score: 2.7) and post-RT/CT (median CS score: 1.6), while there's no difference (p > 0.05) between GC patients pre- (median CS score: 2.6) and post-therapy (median CS score: 2.0). Our data show a better reactivation of vessels' morphology and functions in RC patients, with an improvement of angiogenesis index. In GC patients median angiogenesis index remained unmodified, without positive changes in vascular morphology, probably due to the presence of fibrosis.

Conclusion

The results of our work demonstrate that pCLE technique is suitable to evaluate the alterations of the intratumoral microvasculature and reveal a functional improvement of vasculature in post-therapy RC patients. It may constitute an innovative approach in order to identify subjects that respond to the therapy, improving the outcome of the patients.