632P - Efficacy and safety of perioperative chemotherapy with 5FU-cisplatin-cetuximab in gastric and gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinomas (GGOJA): A...

Date 29 September 2014
Event ESMO 2014
Session Poster Display session
Topics Anti-Cancer Agents & Biologic Therapy
Oesophageal Cancer
Gastric Cancer
Presenter Christophe Mariette
Citation Annals of Oncology (2014) 25 (suppl_4): iv210-iv253. 10.1093/annonc/mdu334
Authors C. Mariette1, G. Piessen2, C. Monterymard3, D. Pezet4, A. Ferru5, M. Baconnier6, X. Adhoute7, D. Tavan8, C. Lepage9, O. Bouché10
  • 1Department Of Digestive And Oncological Surgery, Claude Huriez University, 59037 - Lille/FR
  • 2Department Of Digestive And Oncological Surgery, Claude Huriez University, Lille/FR
  • 3Biostatistics, FFCD, Dijon/FR
  • 4Department Of Surgery, University Hospital, Clermont-Ferrand/FR
  • 5Department Of Oncology, University Hospital, Poitiers/FR
  • 6Department Of Gastroenterology, General Hospital, Annecy/FR
  • 7Department Of Gastroenterology, St Joseph General Hospital, Marseille/FR
  • 8Department Of Gastroenterology, Caluire and Cuire Clinic, Caluire et Cuire/FR
  • 9Hepatogastroenterology Department, University Hospital, 21079 - DIJON Cedex/FR
  • 10Gastroenterology And Digestive Oncology, Hopital Robert Debré, Reims/FR

Abstract

Aim

Whilst perioperative chemotherapy (CT) combined with radical surgery offers a significant survival benefit over surgery alone in GGOJA, 3-year survival still needs to be dramatically improved. The purpose of this phase II study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the perioperative use of cetuximab combined with 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin in operable GGOJA.

Methods

Untreated operable patients with a WHO Performance Status (PS) ≤ 2 and age ≤ 75 years, with localised GGOJA received 6 cycles of intravenous Cetuximab (500mg/m2), Cisplatin (50mg/m2) and LV5FU2s (folinic acid 400mg/m2, 5FU bolus 400mg/m2, and continuous infusion of 5FU 2400mg/m2) every 2 weeks. Surgery was planned 3-4 weeks after the end of neaodjuvant CT and postoperative CT, with the same regimen, planned for 6-8 weeks after surgery. The primary objective was a combined evaluation of tumoral response, assessed by centrally reviewed computed tomography, and major toxicities leading to neoadjuvant CT being discontinued. Sample size (63 patients) was calculated using Bryant and Day design (α = 5%, Power = 80%), expecting a rate of objective response of 45% and a percentage of patients without major toxicities of 90%.

Results

65 patients were enrolled from June 2011 to March 2013 with a median age of 60.5 years. 83.1% were men, 98.5% had a WHO PS of 0 or 1, 30.8% had a gastric and 69.2% a junctional tumour, 28.5% had a stage II and 71.4% of patients a stage III tumour. With regard to the primary endpoint, 64 patients were evaluated, 29.7% (n = 19) had an objective morphological tumour response and 95.3% (n = 61) did not stop treatment prematurely due to major toxicity. 58 patients (89.2%) received all 6 cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy as planned. The median duration of chemotherapy was 2.3 months and grade 3-4-5 toxicities were observed in 61.5% of patients. 60 patients (92.3%) underwent surgical resection with 24 significant complications (41.7%) and 2 postoperative deaths (3.4%). On histological analysis, 40 patients (71.4%) were non responders.

Conclusions

Adding cetuximab to the neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimen in operable GGOJA is safe but does not show enough efficacy in the present study to meet the primary endpoint.

Disclosure

C. Mariette: - speaker consultant Nestlé - speaker Takeda - Speaker Merck Serono - Speaker Sanofi; D. Pezet: Collaboration with Novartis, Sanofi, Merck, Roche, Bayer et Lilly; O. Bouché: Merck Sereno. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.