5PD - Cell-based immunotherapy combining encapsulation cell technology and irradiated autologous tumor cells: A novel technology platform that is both saf...

Date 20 November 2015
Event ESMO Symposium on Immuno-Oncology 2015
Session Poster Discussion session
Topics Cancer Immunology and Immunotherapy
Presenter nicolas Mach
Citation Annals of Oncology (2015) 26 (suppl_8): 1-4. 10.1093/annonc/mdv513
Authors N. Mach1, D. Migliorini1, R. Vernet2, M. Belkouch2, P. Luy2, V. Ancrenaz1, C. Py1, J. Grogg3, P. Harboe-Schmidt3, N. Bouche4
  • 1Dpt Des Spécialités De Médecine, Hopitaux Universitaires de Genève Unité de recherche clinique du centre d'Oncologie, 1211 Geneva - Geneva/CH
  • 2Cell Therapy Lab, Oncology Division, Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève - HUG, 1211 Geneva - Geneva/CH
  • 3Clinical Research, MaxiVAX SA, 1206 Geneve - Geneva/CH
  • 4Life Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology /Lausanne, 1015 - Lausanne/CH



Providing a wide, tumor specific antigenic repertoire and standardized, sustained, local delivery of potent adjuvant at the vaccination site is a major challenge in clinical oncology. Combining the sc implantation of irradiated, autologous tumor cells and biocompatible capsules containing GM-CSF secreting allogeneic cells recapitulates the protective, tumor specific immunity obtained with irradiated tumor cells engineered to produce gm-csf in murine models. Encapsulation cell technology (ECT) allows the stable, local release of gm-csf without detrimental systemic effects. MVX-ONCO-1, combines ECT for the sc delivery of huGM-CSF at the vaccination site, a key factor for successful immunization and irradiated autologous tumor cells. MVX-ONCO-1 is the first in men clinical trial assessing safety and feasibility of this innovative cell-based immunotherapy.


Primary Endpoints: Safety and Feasibility. Population: 15 patients, advanced cancers progressing despite standard therapies. Treatment: Subcutaneous immunization combining lethally irradiated autologous tumor cells(4x106) and 2 macrocapsules containing cells genetically engineered to release stable quantity of GM-CSF over 7 days (>20 ng/24 hours). 6 sc implantations are performed at week 1-2-3-4-6-8


As of September 8, all 15 patients have been treated. Vaccination was processed successfully for all patients. All cell therapy products met the GMP criteria. Out of 172 capsules implantations, 1 presented with technical issue after removal. Stable level of GM-CSF was observed in all explanted capsules tested. No treatment related SAE or systemic AE have been reported. No SUSAR were observed. Toxicity is limited to local discomfort. 7 out of 13 evaluable pts had some clinical benefit (SD > 3 months, decrease serum tumor marker, prolonged survival).


MVX-ONCO-1 is the first personalized anti-tumor immunotherapy based on ECT. It is both safe and reliable. This innovative therapy is applicable to any tumor type. Phase 2 trials are planned in several tumor types as well as combination with immune check-point inhibitors.

Clinical trial identification



N. Mach: MaxiVAX SA: minority stock holder Inventor of MVX-ONCO-1. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.