402P - Efficacy of duloxetine for paclitaxel-induced and pregabalin-resistant peripheral neuropathy in Japanese breast cancer patients

Date 20 December 2015
Event ESMO Asia 2015 Congress
Session Poster presentation 2
Topics Anti-Cancer Agents & Biologic Therapy
Complications of Treatment
Breast Cancer
Presenter KIMITO Yamada
Citation Annals of Oncology (2015) 26 (suppl_9): 111-124. 10.1093/annonc/mdv531
Authors K. Yamada, H. Kaise, M. Hosonaga, F. Kimura, Y. Kawai, A. Ueda, S. Teraoka, M. Okazaki, T. Ishikawa
  • Breast Surgery, Tokyo Medical University Hospital, 160-0023 - Tokyo/JP

Abstract

Aim/Background

Paclitaxel widely and effectively used in chemotherapy for breast cancer. However, paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy (PIPN) is a common toxicity. According to our data, grade 1/2 sensory neuropathy occurred in more than 50% of paclitaxel-treated patients and lingered in 20% of them even after 3 years. Current treatment options for CIPN are quite limited. At present, pregabalin is most commonly used for PIPN in Japan. In contrast, American Society of Clinical Oncology Clinical Practice Guideline recommends duloxetine. We examined the efficacy and adverse events of duloxetine for treating PIPN.

Methods

Twenty-six Japanese breast cancer patients suffering PIPN were examined between March 2015 and August 2015. The median age was 63 years (range = 45-79). All patients were female and treated with paclitaxel as neo-adjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy. Duloxetine was basically started with the minimum dose of 20 mg/day when grade 2 PIPN remained after pregabalin treatment. The efficacy and adverse events of duloxetine were examined by medical records, retrospectively.

Results

PIPN by CTCAE v4.0 was found Grade1 in 3 cases, Grade 2 in 22 cases and Grade 3 in 1 case. In 13 of 26 patients (50%), PIPN was decreased to grade 1. Adverse events were found in 11 cases; drowsiness in 6, nausea in 4, constipation in 2 and dry mouth in 1 case. Duloxetine was discontinued in 8 cases by adverse events and 6 cases by no effect.

Conclusions

Duloxetine was effective in paclitaxel-induced and pregablin-resistant PIPN in Japanese breast cancer patients. However, it is necessary to manage adverse events related to serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors.

Clinical trial identification

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.