708P - Resection rate with FOLFIRINOX-based neoadjuvant therapy in locally advanced/borderline resectable pancreatic cancer: a pooled analysis of publishe...

Date 29 September 2014
Event ESMO 2014
Session Poster Display session
Topics Anti-Cancer Agents & Biologic Therapy
Pancreatic Cancer
Presenter Fausto Petrelli
Citation Annals of Oncology (2014) 25 (suppl_4): iv210-iv253. 10.1093/annonc/mdu334
Authors F. Petrelli1, A. Coinu2, K.F. Borgonovo1, M. Ghilardi1, M. Cabiddu1, M. Cremonesi1, V. Lonati1, S. Barni1
  • 1Uo Oncologia, Azienda Ospedaliera Treviglio-Caravaggio, 24047 - Treviglio/IT
  • 2Oncology, azienda ospedaliera Treviglio, treviglio/IT

Abstract

Aim

Borderline resectable or unresectable pancreatic cancer (PC) could potentially be converted to surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy with or without radiotherapy (RT). We have systematically reviewed the published literature with 5-fluorouracil + leucovorin + irinotecan + oxaliplatin (FOLFIRINOX)-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy in unresectable or borderline resectable PC.

Methods

Studies were identified using searches of PubMed, EMBASE, SCOPUS, Web of Science and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. Primary outcome measures were rate of resection and rate of radical (R0) resection. Pooled proportions and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using random-effects or fixed-effects models based on the heterogeneity of included studies.

Results

13 papers were included (n = 2 phase 2 trials, and n = 11 retrospective series) for a total of 253 patients analyzed. Borderline resectable and unresectable PC ranged from 17% to 100% and from 52% to 100% of cases, respectively. Chemoradiotherapy (CTRT) following FOLFIRINOX was integrated into treatment strategy in 15-100% of these patients, mainly with concomitant gemcitabine, capecitabine or 5-fluorouracil. Overall resection rate was 43% (95% CI 32.8%–53.3%) and R0 resection rate (in 9 trials with available data) was 39.4% (95% CI 32.4%–46.9%). Rate of R0/resected patients was 86.1% (95% CI 78.2%–91.5%). Compared with 2 meta-analyses of published studies that did not consider FOLFOXIRI regimens (Gillen et al., PLOS 2010; Assifi et al., Surgery 2011) the rate of R0 resection among initially not resectable PC patients seems increased (from 26.2% and 19.6%, respectively, to 39.4%). Among borderline resectable PCs rate of R0 resection was 63.5% (95%CI 49-76%); in unresectable PCs it was 22.5% (95% CI 13.3-35.4%). Only seven articles contain information about overall RR. The pooled RR was 35.4% (95%CI 27.7-43.9%).

Conclusions

FOLFOXIRI plus or minus CTRT is associated with an interesting rate of resection and R0 resection in borderline resectable or unresectable PC. Compared with historical data published in the Gillen metanalysis the rate of R0 resection seems increased by 50%.

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.