P-236 - Other RAS mutations incidence in CRCm in routine clinical practice: a center experience

Date 04 July 2015
Event WorldGI 2015
Session Posters
Topics Biomarkers
Colon Cancer
Rectal Cancer
Presenter B. Gonzalez Astorga
Citation Annals of Oncology (2015) 26 (suppl_4): 1-100. 10.1093/annonc/mdv233
Authors B. Gonzalez Astorga1, E. González-Flores2, J. García-García2, C. Sanchez-Toro3, A. Villaescusa4, M.T. Delgado Urena1, F. Galvez Montosa5, J.M. Jurado Garcia1, V. Conde2, R. Lopez Castro6, A. Segura Perez7
  • 1Hospital Universitario Clínico San Cecilio, Granada/ES
  • 2Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves, Granada/ES
  • 3“Virgen de las Nieves” Hospital, Granada/ES
  • 4Hospital San Cecilio, Granada/ES
  • 5Servicio Oncología Médica HUSC, Granada/ES
  • 6Servicio Anatomia Patologica HUVN, Granada/ES
  • 7Servicio Anatomía Patológica HUVN, Granada/ES

Abstract

Introduction

Patients with metastatic colorectal cancer that harbors KRAS mutations in exon 2 do not benefit from anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) therapy. Other activating RAS mutations also are negative predictive biomarkers for anti-EGFR therapy, as recently shown in a subanalysis of the PRIME study.

Methods

From June 2013 we began to make the determination of other mutations of RAS. The determination of the mutational status was performed using a validated analytical method for determining KRAS mutations (exons 2, 3 and 4) and NRAS (exons 2,3 and 4) in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded specimens. It was used cobas® KRAS mutation test (Roche), which is a real-time PCR test intended for the identification of mutations in codons 12, 13 and 61 of the gene. Pyrosequencing of the NRAS exon 1 (codon 12 and 13), exon 2 (codons 60 and 61) and exon 4 (codon 117 and 146) of NRAS and KRAS was performed using the TheraScreen® NRAS Pyro kit (Qiagen).

We would like to thank the staff of the “BioBanco del Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves (Granada)” for all their support in carrying out some of the techniques studied.

Results

From June 2013 to February 2015, 314 patients were analyzed. Of these, 134 patients (43%) had mutations in exon 2 (codons 12/13) of KRAS. 16 patients (5%) had an invalid result. From the 164 (52%) patients with wild type KRAS exon 2, 132 patients (80%) were able to analyze other RAS mutations.

A total of 12 patients (7.3%) with nonmutated KRAS exon 2 had other RAS mutations: 6 patients in the KRAS exon 3 (codon 61), 1 patient NRAS exon 2 (codon 12/13), 4 patients NRAS exon 3 (codon 61) and 1 patient in NRAS exon 4 (codon 117/146).

Conclusion

RAS mutations, in addition to KRAS exon 2 mutations, predict a lack of response to anti-EGFR therapy in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. Approximately 20% of KRAS exon 2 wild-type tumors harbored one of the new RAS mutations, as reported in various retrospective studies.

In our series other RAS mutations were detected in 7,3%, lower than published so far.