569P - Patterns of cancer in the University of Gondar Hospital, North-West Ethiopia

Date 18 December 2016
Event ESMO Asia 2016 Congress
Session Poster lunch
Topics Cancer Aetiology, Epidemiology, Prevention
Presenter Biniyam Deressa
Citation Annals of Oncology (2016) 27 (suppl_9): ix184-ix189. 10.1093/annonc/mdw603
Authors B.T. Deressa
  • Department Of Clinical Oncology, Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa University Faculty of Medicine, 10774 - Addis Ababa/ET

Abstract

Background

Cancer affects all human beings. However, the type and patterns of occurrence vary depending on geographical location, socio-economic status, life style, genetic variation and other risk factors. Like other sub-Saharan countries, the incidence of cancer is rising in Ethiopia. Due to lack of cancer registry in whole country, the estimate of cancer burden in the country is made on basis of extrapolations of data from Black Lion hospital and Addis Ababa cancer registry. Here, we describe the pattern of cancer diagnosed with their sociodemography in Gondar, north-west Ethiopia.

Methods

Study design: This was a retrospective record analysis of pathology service results, biopsy and FNAC. Population: All patients with a record of diagnosis as cancer according to the pathology (FNAC and biopsy) from Sept 2014 to Aug 2015 were included

Results

Out of 3231 samples (1263 biopsies and 1968 FNAC) evaluated in university of Gondar hospital in 2014 – 2015, 540 (16.7%) were malignant cancer cases. Among this 346 (64%) were females and the rest 194 (36%) were males. The age pattern shows, 499 (92%) were occur in adults and 41 (8%) are occurred in children. Lymphomas, cervical cancer and breast cancer are the three top common cancers of all age groups. Cervical cancer, breast cancer and lymphomas are found to be the commonest cancers in females. On the other hand, lymphomas, head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC), and colorectal cancer are the three top commonest cancers in males. In children of age less than 14 years lymphomas, wilm’s tumor and retinoblastoma were the three top cancers.

Conclusions

This facility based review indicated that one-sixth of the samples subjected for histopathological examinations were cancer. Cancer is becoming a major public health problem. Knowledge of the pattern of cancer will help in resource prioritization and decision making in the treatment strategies of cancer in the country. Comprehensive cancer registration and population-based measurement of cancer burden is recommended.

Clinical trial indentification

Legal entity responsible for the study

University of Gondar

Funding

University of Gondar

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.