81P - Breast Self-Examination (BSE): A strategy for early detection of breast cancer in Nigeria

Date 18 December 2016
Event ESMO Asia 2016 Congress
Session Poster lunch
Topics Breast Cancer, Early Stage
Cancer Aetiology, Epidemiology, Prevention
Presenter Yemisi Adetule
Citation Annals of Oncology (2016) 27 (suppl_9): ix19-ix29. 10.1093/annonc/mdw575
Authors Y.C. Adetule
  • Surgical Nursing, University College Hospital, 200001 - Ibadan/NG

Abstract

Background

Breast Self-Examination (BSE) can be used as a strategy for early detection of breast cancer in sub-Saharan country such as Nigeria. However, the knowledge and practices of BSE among Nigerian adolescents have not been adequately investigated.

Methods

A descriptive survey was used to assess the knowledge and practice of self-breast examination among female adolescents in senior secondary in Ibadan North Local Government of Oyo State, Nigeria. The sampling technique adopted in the study was the simple random sampling. The respondents were reassured of the confidentiality of the data. The instrument used basically was self-structured questionnaire.

Results

On the respondent’s knowledge of SBE before this study, only (97.3%) of the respondents have heard of self-breast examination of which the awareness was mostly related to mass media, (52.3%) knew that it is perform by female,(36.4%) knew that it should be performed monthly,(51.8%) knew that it is done after menses and (52.7%) knew that SBE should be done with the palm and minimum of three fingers. Regarding the practice of SBE (14.5%) practice it monthly, while more than half,(58.2%) have never practiced it only (11.8%) practiced it in the last 3 to 6 months and was performed before their menstrual period.

Conclusions

It can be deduced that the level of awareness of Breat Self Examination(BSE) is high but the knowledge of how it should be performed is low. There is need for governments, policy makers, public health personnel especially nurses, physician, public health officers to work on strategies for increasing the practise of BSE in Nigeria.

Clinical trial indentification

Legal entity responsible for the study

Yemisi Cecilia Adetule

Funding

University College Hospital

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.