1002PD - Standardized mortality ratios and event-free survival as new prediction tools of early increase in mortality in follicular lymphoma.

Date 11 September 2017
Event ESMO 2017 Congress
Session Haematological malignancies
Topics Lymphomas
Haematologic Malignancies
Presenter Fabio Franco
Citation Annals of Oncology (2017) 28 (suppl_5): v355-v371. 10.1093/annonc/mdx373
Authors F. Franco1, A. Royuela2, M. Torrente1, J. Gómez-Codina3, M. Llanos Rodríguez4, J. Gumá Padró5, C. Quero Blanco6, D. Aguiar7, A. Rueda Domínguez8, M. Provencio Pulla1
  • 1Medical Oncology, Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro Majadahonda, 28222 - Madrid/ES
  • 2Biostatistics, Biomedical Sciences Research Institute Puerta de Hierro-Majadahonda University Hospital, 28222 - Madrid/ES
  • 3Medical Oncology, La Fe University Hospital, 46026 - Valencia/ES
  • 4Medical Oncology, Hospital University of Canarias, 38320 - Santa Cruz de Tenerife/ES
  • 5Medical Oncology, Hospital Universitari Sant Joan de Reus, 43204 - Reus/ES
  • 6Medical Oncology, Hospital Universitary Virgen de la Victoria Málaga, 29010 - Malaga/ES
  • 7Medical Oncology, Gran Canaria Doctor Negrín University Hospital, 35010 - Las Palmas de Gran Canaria/ES
  • 8Oncology, Costa del Sol Hospital, Marbella/ES

Abstract

Background

There are few studies that analyze follicular lymphoma (FL) mortality compared to the general population of the same -sex and age group. Given the recent clinical relevance of the predictive event-free survival (EFS) indexes EFS12 and EFS24, we obtained them in our study cohort in order to estimate their association with overall survival (OS).

Methods

Patients diagnosed with FL were prospectively enrolled from 1980 to 2013. Standardized mortality ratios (SMR) were obtained using yearly sex and age specific mortality rates in Spain, and OS was compared with age- and sex-matched general population data. EFS were defined as the time from diagnosis until relapse or progression, unplanned retreatment of lymphoma after initial management, or death due to any cause. EFS12 and 24 were defined as EFS status at 12 or 24 months from diagnosis, respectively. The crude probability of death was estimated by using the Kaplan–Meier method, and differences between patient groups were assessed by the log-rank test. In order to investigate the specific contribution of age, sex, period of diagnosis, treatment and FLIPI score, a multivariable Cox proportional hazards model was adjusted, all statistical tests were two-sided, and a p-value

Results

A total of 1074 patients with newly diagnosed FL were enrolled. The median OS was 231 months (CI 95% 195-267). EFS at 12 and 24 months was associated with increased probability of early death, with an SMR of 10.27 (95% CI: 8.26-12.77). The prognostic value of traditional scales such as FLIPI is maintained in our study, with a hazard ratio of 2.7 (95% CI: 1.9- 4.0) for a score of 2-5. Of note, no significant difference in mortality was observed between FL patients at 10 years since diagnosis compared to the general population (SMR of 1.02; 95% CI 0.57, 1.85).

Conclusions

EFS12 and 24 predicted an early increase in mortality. The long-term SMR, over 10 years of follow-up, shows that patients with FL have a similar risk of dying than the general population of the same sex and age.

Clinical trial identification

Legal entity responsible for the study

GOTEL (Spanish Lymphoma Oncology Group)

Funding

None

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.