467P - Incidence of Adrenal gland tumor as a second primary malignancy: SEER based database

Date 10 September 2017
Event ESMO 2017 Congress
Session Poster display session
Topics Cancer Aetiology, Epidemiology, Prevention
Endocrine Cancers
Presenter Wafaa Rashed
Citation Annals of Oncology (2017) 28 (suppl_5): v142-v157. 10.1093/annonc/mdx368
Authors W. Rashed1, A. Saad2, M. Al-Husseini2, A.M. Galal3, A.M. Al-Tayep3, A. El Shafie3, M.A. Ali3, A.S. Alfaar4
  • 1Research Department, Children's Cancer Hospital 57357., 11441 - Cairo/EG
  • 2Medicne, Faculty of Medicine-Ain Shams University, 11441 - Cairo/EG
  • 3Research Department, Armed Forces College of Medicine, 11441 - Cairo/EG
  • 4Medicine, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 00 - Berlin/DE

Abstract

Background

Adrenal gland tumors are sporadic and heterogeneous, with an incidence (excluding childhood neuroblastoma) of 0.05% in the US. Advances in cancer treatment in the last few decades have resulted in increased survival in most paediatric and adult cancer types. The aim here is to report the incidence of adrenal gland tumors as a second primary tumor based on data from the SEER database.

Methods

Data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results ‘SEER’ program of the National Cancer Institute, using the SEER*stat software (version 8.3.2) was obtained. All cancer sites using the Multiple Primary Standardized Incidence Ratios ‘MP-SIR’ session were selected. SEER 13 Regs Research Data from1992 to 2013 was used.

Results

Data from a total of 2,887,468 persons with cancer were reviewed, 117 of whom had suffered second primary adrenal tumors. One of these patients had two events of adrenal cancer as a second primary, resulting in a total of 118 incidences. The overall standardized incidence ratio (SIR) of adrenal gland tumor as a second primary was 1.49. A high percentage of this event was found in elderly patients, especially those of white race. High incidence of the event was detected in specific primary tumor sites: hypopharynx (O/E=44.59), stomach (O/E=4.95), small intestine (O/E=8.86), liver (O/E=8.74), breast (O/E=1.78), kidney and renal pelvis (O/E=3.19), other endocrine including thymus (O/E=38.27), nodal NHL (O/E=3.79), and Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (O/E=11.15).

Conclusions

Little is available in the literature about adrenal gland tumors as a second primary tumor. Its incidence is high in both white race and elderly cancer survivors in the US. The risk of cancer survivors suffering from a second primary adrenal gland tumor should receive more attention in the US. This would ideally be through follow-up programs at specialized national cancer networks, especially for rare tumors like those of the adrenal gland.

Clinical trial identification

Legal entity responsible for the study

None

Funding

None

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.